Nutritional Ketosis & Science

How Much Protein Do You Need In Nutritional Ketosis?

When embarking on a well-formulated ketogenic diet and going through the process of keto-adaptation, there are necessary changes in how the body uses its incoming macronutrients to maintain (if not improve) health and function. To achieve this requires enough protein...

Nutritional Ketosis and Weight Loss

Nutritional ketosis induced by carbohydrate restriction is often associated with major weight loss, which raises some important questions. Dr. Steve Phinney and Dr. Jeff Volek venture into the complex inter-relationships between keto-adaptation, appetite, energy balance and weight loss.

Keto-Adaptation

While a ketogenic diet can put you into a state of nutritional ketosis in a matter of days, it can take weeks to months to become fully keto adapted. Learn how keto-adaptation affects mitochondrial density, glycogen maintenance in muscles and...

Nutritional Ketosis, Treating Type 2 Diabetes and More—A Q&A with Dr. Stephen Phinney

Is type 2 diabetes reversible? Is intermittent fasting good for you or dangerous? Is nutritional ketosis possible for vegetarians? Virta co-founder and Chief Medical Officer Dr. Stephen Phinney answers these questions and a lot more in this Q&A.

/ January 11, 2018

Sodium, Nutritional Ketosis, and Adrenal Function

If we can believe what we read on the internet, ‘adrenal fatigue’ is a common problem associated with low carbohydrate, paleo, and ketogenic diets. Typical symptoms attributed to diet-induced adrenal failure are fatigue, insomnia, anxiety, and slow recovery after exercise....

To Fast or Not to Fast: What Are the Risks of Fasting?

Fasting in various forms is getting a lot of media attention.  Its advocates, with varying degrees of expertise and medical training, claim that it is an easy way to speed weight loss and get into ketosis, and that it is...

Paleo vs. Keto: What’s the Difference?

People may assume all low carb diets are equal in their nutrient contents and physiological benefits. This is far from the truth, and the resulting confusion has distracted us from fully understanding how best to apply carbohydrate-restriction to improve individual...

Reversing Type 2 Diabetes with Nutritional Ketosis

Admittedly, reversing diabetes is a rather bold goal. By way of contrast, the American Diabetes Association defines type 2 diabetes as a progressive disease whose course at best can be slowed by lifestyle change and medication. Based upon solid science—some...

Increased Longevity —A Credible Benefit of Nutritional Ketosis?

There has been a consistent line of research over the last few decades linking long-term energy-restricted (i.e., calorie-restricted) diets to increased longevity in animal models like fruit flies, worms, and mice, but longer term studies in monkeys have yielded mixed...

The Sad Saga of Saturated Fat

The key question here is, “what’s the precise relationship between dietary saturated fat and blood levels of saturated fat?” For people who still believe you are what you eat, the answer is easy. And it follows from that easy answer...